This entry is for the study of Greek word transliterations. In other words, the Greek letters are translated to the corresponding English letters, and words are derived that are very close in meaning with the original Greek words. The Greek language is the greatest language that ever was. The Greeks have four words for our word “love,” three words for “tongues,” three words for “world,” and three words for “wine.” I never realized how much of the English language comes from Greek…….you too will observe this truth on this site. The fact is— you already know a lot of Greek! You do not believe me? Then read on…. Greek words will be frequently added to this location so check back from time to time. The Greek words and their meanings will be given, and frequently the corresponding English word will be mentioned as well. It is truly amazing (as you will see) how many English words are nearly identical to the Greek words in both composition AND meaning.
1)psuche- soul/ One can observe how we get the entire “psyc” vocabulary from this Greek word. For instance, psychology and psychiatry are a couple of words that deal with the study of the mind/soul of man.
2)paidagogas- tutor, schoolmaster/ Our word “pedagogue” is nearly identical in spelling and meaning. The Greek “paidagogas” was a slave who took a boy to school. The English word too, is related strictly with teaching. A “pedant” however, has a negative sense (pedantic) and is one who makes a vain and pretentious show of learning; one who attaches too much importance to minute details or to formal rules in scholarship, and engages in unnecessarily rigorous formality.
3)oikoumene- world/ The land, the globe, the Roman Empire, the earth, the world. This Greek word for world touches more upon the world system as influence by mankind. The two words below refer more to God’s awesome, timeless and endless universe.
4)aion- world/ Age, course, perpetuity, past eternal, forever, world without end. Obviously we have received the word “eon” from the Greeks with nearly the identical meaning as aion.
5)kosmos- world/ Orderly arrangement in a wide or narrow sense. Implying the vastness and mystery of the universe. Our English word “cosmos” is identical in meaning and almost the same in spelling. The cosmos is the universe as an orderly or systematic whole.
6)storge- love/ The Greek word storge refers to the natural love within family. As Christians we love all of mankind but family is special to us.
7)phileo- love/ This word for love tells us of brothery love. Philadelphia literally means the city of brotherly love.
8)eros- love/ We get the word “erotic” from eros. Eros indeed is erotic love. Love at first sight. The strong initial attraction and intensity of love. We think of being struck with an arrow by Cupid. Remember your first attraction for the love of your life?
9)agape- love/ This is the strongest word for Christian sacrificial love, best exemplified by Jesus Christ Himself as He died for the sins of the world on Mount Calvary. When a believer gives of self, they are practicing agape love.
10)pneuma- spirit/ This Greek transliteration is in reference to man’s spirit.
11)charis- grace/ This Greek word can mean grace or joy. Our word charisma comes from charis. It means one who has a magnitude for the multitude. A winning personality. John F. Kennedy and Ronald W. Reagan had charisma in a positive sense. However, the word can also be associated with people in a negative way. Adolf Hitler had a brain washing and mesmerizing charisma– comparable to a hypnotist.
12)pistis- faith/ The Greek word for faith is pistis.
13)glossa- tongues/ Glossa refers to unusual words and different tongues. Corresponding English words are gloss and glossary. These are unusual words that require an explanation. A collection of explanation of words.
14)dialectos- tongues/ The Greek word means a peculiarity or uniqueness of speech. The English word dialect is a variety or form of language peculiar to a district or class. Dialectos is similar to glossa.
15)glossolalia- tongues/ This Greek term for tongues is NOT IN THE BIBLE. It refers to utterances that are not in any language of mankind. This teaching has corrupted the “tongues” mentioned in the Bible, which always refer to foreign languages. Acts chapter two is all about Pentacost, which was a sudden God given ability for people to understand languages other than their own. The corrupted teachings in some charismatic churches, is that we can suddenly learn and speak a language known to only God and a few spiritual elitists. As mentioned, this false teaching is found no where in the Bible and is represented by the Greek word glossolalia which is also not in the Bible.
16)maranatha- The Lord is coming/ This term is how the early Christians greeted each other because of their strong belief in His soon return. The word “maranatha” is commonly used as the name of many churches and choirs today.
17)gumnazo- trained/ Can you see the root of gymnasium in this word? A gym, of course, is where one trains physically.
18)geenna- hell, lake of fire/ Jesus called the trash dump outside the walls of Jerusalem “geenna” because just like hell, “the fire was never quenched and the worm never died. It was a place of weeping and wailing and gnashing of teeth.”
19)blasphemia- blasphemy/ The Greek word and English transliteration are nearly identical.
20)biblos, biblia, biblian- scroll, book, Bible/ Now you know where our word for Bible comes from.
……………many more to follow. The next entries will be in Greek Word Study, Part II.