Bethlehem TODAY – The Birthplace of Jesus!
November 28 2017
Written by: Prophecy in the News
Bethlehem TODAY – The Birthplace of Jesus!
Bethlehem TODAY – The Birthplace of Jesus!
November 28 2017
Written by: Prophecy in the News
If you have ever had the opportunity to visit the town of Bethlehem in Israel, you will find that the place where Jesus was born is nothing like you would imagine. Perched on a hill at the edge of the Judaean Desert, Bethlehem is the historical place where Jesus was born “in a manger” and is now preserved by the “Church of the Nativity.” It is considered a major Christian holy site and is one of the oldest surviving Christian churches.
The birth of Jesus is told in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke.
Matthew 1:18-25 – King James Version (KJV)
18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost.
19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a public example, was minded to put her away privily.
20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.
21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name Jesus: for he shall save his people from their sins.
22 Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying,
23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.
24 Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife:
25 And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name Jesus.
Luke 2 – King James Version (KJV)
1 And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be taxed.
2 (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.)
3 And all went to be taxed, every one into his own city.
4 And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:)
5 To be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, being great with child.
6 And so it was, that, while they were there, the days were accomplished that she should be delivered.
7 And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.
8 And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night.
9 And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid.
10 And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people.
11 For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.
12 And this shall be a sign unto you; Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger.
13 And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying,
14 Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.
15 And it came to pass, as the angels were gone away from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, Let us now go even unto Bethlehem, and see this thing which is come to pass, which the Lord hath made known unto us.
16 And they came with haste, and found Mary, and Joseph, and the babe lying in a manger.
21 And when eight days were accomplished for the circumcising of the child, his name was called Jesus, which was so named of the angel before he was conceived in the womb.
According to the Bible, both accounts agree that Jesus was born in Bethlehem and raised in Nazareth. According to Luke 2:7 (in the traditional translation), Mary “laid him in a manger because there was no room for them in the inn.” However, the Greek can also be rendered, “she laid him in a manger because they had no space in the room” — according to some scholars, they perhaps imagine Jesus being born in a cave. The gospel accounts do not mention a cave, but less than a century later, both Justin Martyr and the Protoevangelium of James say Jesus was born in a cave. Some believe this is reasonable, as many houses in the area are still built in front of a cave. The cave part would have been used for stabling and storage – thus the manger.
Saint Justin Martyr, (born c. 100, Flavia Neapolis, Palestine [now Nāblus]—died c. 165, Rome [Italy]; feast day June 1), one of the most important of the Greek philosopher-Apologists in the early Christian church. … He spent a considerable time in Rome.
WIKIPEDIA: The Gospel of James, also known as the Infancy Gospel of James or the Protoevangelium of James, is an apocryphal Gospel probably written about AD 145, which expands backward in time the infancy stories contained in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, and presents a narrative concerning the birth and upbringing of Mary herself. It is the oldest source to assert the virginity of Mary not only prior to but during (and after) the birth of Jesus. The document presents itself as written by James: “I, James, wrote this history in Jerusalem.” The purported author is thus James, the brother of Jesus, but scholars have established that the work was not written by the person to whom it is attributed.
History of the Church of the Nativity
The first evidence of a cave in Bethlehem being venerated as Christ’s birthplace is in the writings of Justin Martyr around 160 AD. The tradition is also attested by Origen and Eusebius in the 3rd century.
In 326, Constantine and his mother St. Helena commissioned a church to be built over the cave. This first church, dedicated on May 31, 339, had an octagonal floor plan and was placed directly above the cave. In the center, a 4-meter-wide hole surrounded by a railing provided a view of the cave. Portions of the floor mosaic survive from this period. St. Jerome lived and worked in Bethlehem from 384 AD, and he was buried in a cave beneath the Church of the Nativity.
The Constantinian church was destroyed by Justinian in 530 AD, who built the much larger church that remains today. The Persians spared it during their invasion in 614 AD because, according to legend, they were impressed by a representation of the Magi — fellow Persians — that decorated the building. This was quoted at a 9th-century synod in Jerusalem to show the utility of religious images.
Muslims prevented the application of Hakim’s decree (1009) ordering the destruction of Christian monuments because, since the time of Omar (639), they had been permitted to use the south transept for worship.
The Crusaders took Jerusalem on 6 June 1009. Baldwin I and II were crowned there, and in an impressive display of tolerance the Franks and Byzantines cooperated in fully redecorating the interior (1165-69). A Greek inscription in the north transept records this event.
The Church of the Nativity was much neglected in the Mamluk and Ottoman periods, but not destroyed. Much of the church’s marble was looted by the Ottomans and now adorns the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. An earthquake in 1834 and a fire in 1869 destroyed the furnishings of the cave, but the church again survived.
In 1847, the theft of the silver star marking the exact site of the Nativity was an ostensible factor in the international crisis over the Holy Places that ultimately led to the Crimean War (1854–56).
In 1852, shared custody of the church was granted to the Roman Catholic, Armenian and Greek Orthodox churches. The Greeks care for the Grotto of the Nativity.
The Grotto of the Nativity, a rectangular cavern beneath the church, is the Church of the Nativity’s focal point. Entered by a flight of steps by the church altar, this is the cave that has been honored as the site of Christ’s birth since at least the 2nd century.
A silver star in the floor marks the very spot where Christ is believed to have been born. The star’s Latin inscription reads, “Here of the Virgin Mary Jesus Christ was born — 1717.” The floor is paved in marble, and 15 lamps hang above the star (six belong to the Greeks, five to the Armenians and four to the Latins).
All other furnishings date from after the fire of 1869, except for the bronze gates at the north and south entrances to the Grotto, which are from Justinian’s 6th-century church.
Note: I was in Israel just after Christmas in 1987, exactly thirty years ago from writing this. I was inside the Church Of The Nativity and toured this holy site. I agree totally with the above article that the early church historians, led by Justin Martyr in 160 A.D., and followed by Origen, Eusebius and others, give this site the best credence as the genuine place where Christ was born. Merry Christmas, Pastor Steve <><
Key The Following Link From The Southern Baptist WMU, For A Celebration Of Christ’s Birth:
The Offense Of The Cross
Galatians 5:11 King James Version (KJV)
11 And I, brethren, if I yet preach circumcision, why do I yet suffer persecution? then is the offence of the cross ceased.
Consider why the cross is an offense today:
1)The cross of Christ condemns the world. The thief on the cross who was saved, saw Jesus as He really was, and himself for what he was. Sin reveals that we fall short of God’s demands. It is the gigantic evil, the transgression towards God. Sin leaves us far from God’s holy nature. It leaves us no hope, we must pay the price. “The soul that sins shall die.” Sin lies upon our conscience – we lie in bed with insomnia, dreams and nightmares. Jesus was made sin and a curse for us – He put away our sins and the condemning power. There is no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus. But the world is offended by the crucified God/man, suspended on a stick, and told this is the only way you can be saved. An illustration would be Madalyn Haira and her hatred of the cross. She actually desired for the state flag of Maryland to be changed since there was a cross on it, even though it did not depict the cross of Christ. Another example is the movie, The Last Temptation, which made Jesus a sinner just like you and me. Furthermore, the National Arts submerged a cross in urine in order to portray their disdain of the cross. The first funeral that I officiated, dealt with a murder/suicide. I spoke a eulogy to the county Rescue Squad. When I preached on sin and the cross, the congregation was offended and they filed out. Here is the “eulogy” that offended them: “There are none righteous, no not one.” Madonna, another name for the Virgin Mary, is another example of one who despises the cross of Christ. She is offended by the cross and wears several in mockery. The press claimed it was her trademark. I beg to differ. She wore it but never bore it. She was noted for the perverted quotation: “I love the crucifix because there is a naked man on it.” Wrong Madonna – the cross and the tomb are empty. Jesus Christ died for the sins of Madonna, you and me. Many throughout the world, at work and school, curse Jesus Christ and are offended by the cross. They feel self sufficient. Have you ever heard of Buddha, Confucius or Mohammed cursed? Of course not, they bore no cross. The cross is an offense because “…men loved darkness because their deeds are evil.” The cross throws light into the dark recesses of our soul and reveals our sins – the cross becomes an offense because it condemns us as sinners.
2)The cross is an offense because blood was shed there. Unbelievers accuse us of a “slaughterhouse religion.” But the Bible tells us that the shed blood of our Savior on Mount Calvary is our only hope: “Without the shedding of the blood there is no remission of sins.” Amen and amen.
3)The cross sets up an imperative ideal life. Jesus said: “If any man would come after me, let him deny himself, carry his cross, and follow me.” This imperative eliminates the church crowd. Many people “have a form of religion and godliness but deny the power thereof.” There is an outward show, but little evidence of the real Christian life and the new birth. They are offended by real Christianity. Jesus always thinned out the ranks and never sought the popular “gospel.” Today, big churches often seek mass membership, and do not stress the new birth, the cross, the blood, true salvation and the need to repent from sin. Today’s country club has an organization, members, reports, and programs, but is not one of self denial. Even Jesus’ large crowd did not want self denial. They desired the kingdom, the crowd, and to rule and live in a palace – they did not want to go to the cross with Jesus. We shudder at a life like Jesus, refusing to surrender what the cross condemns.
4)The cross is an offense because it claims to be the power and salvation of God. The first duty of every man is to get right with God. Man does not like this, and wants to believe that many roads lead to heaven. Jesus said the gate is narrow, and at the beginning of the gate is the cross, and one cannot enter but by the cross. The cross humbles, demands, and expects everything we have to be given to Christ. The cross condemns every other way of salvation. Acts 4:12 “Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.” If people tell you that you are narrow minded, you can share with them that “narrow is the way to the kingdom, there be few who find it.”