The Preincarnate Christ, Part IV, Examples Of Old Testament Theophanies:

Jesus made several appearances in the Old Testament, and the New Testament cites some of them. For instance, I Corinthians 10:4 tells us that the Israelites “did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.” It does not get any plainer. Furthermore, Hebrews 11:24-28 tells us in great detail that “….Moses chose to suffer affliction with the people of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season; esteeming THE REPROACH OF CHRIST greater riches than the treasures of Egypt……” These two examples verify that the Israelites in the wilderness under the leadership of Moses were also accompanied by Christ Himself. Let us now consider several examples of direct appearances of the Lord God to various people in the Old Testament:
1)Genesis 18: Three men appear to Abraham on the plains of Mamre. Most scholarship identifies one of the three men as the Lord, and the other two as angels. In fact, Abraham addresses them as “Lord” throughout the chapter. The topics of discussion between Abraham and the “men” were the yet future birth of Isaac and the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah. Only God could determine whether these twin cities would be destroyed, hence there is no doubt that Abraham was speaking with the Lord.
2)Genesis 21:14-21: An angel of the Lord appears to Hagar and Ishmael and promises them safety, deliverance and for their progeny to become a great nation after they were banished from the camp of Abraham.
3)Exodus 3: God appeared to Moses again as the angel of the Lord and as a flame of fire at mount Horeb at the burning bush. Verse 5 says “And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground.” God also refers to Himself as “I Am That I Am.” Jesus used this name for Himself later on, strongly asserting His Deity, and that is why the Pharisees wanted to kill Him for making such a statement.
4)Joshua 5:13-15: Joshua confronts the captain of the host of the Lord near Jericho. Immediately, Joshua fell on his face and worshipped Him. The Lord also instructed him to remove his shoes because once again, he was standing on holy ground.
5)Daniel 3:17-30: King Nebuchadnezzar threw Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego into the fiery furnace. After they were cast into the furnace, verse 25 tells us: “He answered and said, Lo, I see four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire, and they have no hurt; and the form of the fourth is like the Son of God.”


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