The rabiis, or Orthodox Jews, wear their hair very short with a long, long strand near the ear. It would be interesting to find out why. They are probably trying to fulfill a law of theirs. On the way to our first stop, Pastor Grimes told us that it hardly ever rains at the Dead Sea.
Our first stop entailed a visit to an Israeli shrine in commemoration of the Jewish Holocaust. The question remains, was the Holocaust God’s push of the Jews into the Holy Land? First of all, we saw the Israeli military cemetery. We saw many stones representing the war in 1948, when 650,000 Jews had a six month war with the Arabs and lost 6,000 people. The Israeli national movement is called the Zionist Movement, named after Mount Zion, or Jerusalem. Other stones were from soldiers who died in 1967. (the Six Day War). Next, we proceeded to the Memorial to the Holocaust. One and one half million children were killed. Seventy two hundred (7,200) Jewish people escaped from Denmark to Sweden. We saw pictures of gas chambers in Poland. Death and Concentration Camps were all over Europe. The hair and gold teeth were extracted from the Jews and used in the war effort. The Holocaust is one reason the Jews go to Mount Masada and vow they will never surrender, but fight to the death, This entire Memorial is a good reminder of the wretchedness of the heart of man.
Next, we looked at the Dead Sea Scrolls. We saw part of the book of Isaiah in the Hebrew Aramaic. It was discovered Qumran in 1947, and it dates to about 100 B.C. It was made by the famous Essenes. Then we saw the Temple Scroll. The Temple Scroll is God teaching the Torah in the first person. We saw the Manuel of Discipline – the regulations of the Essenes. We saw the War of the Sons of Light Against the Sons of Darkness. The biggest blessing, however, was to see a scroll of Isaiah dated 100 B.C., and filled with the prophecies of Jesus Christ! (examples: Isaiah 7:14, 9:6, chapter 53, etc.) We saw the Nahum Commentary which identified the Essenes. We saw the scrolls of forty one of the Psalms, including the apocryphal One Hundred and Fifty First Psalm. We saw the jars which held the Dead Sea Scrolls. We looked at the old marriage contract, a divorce bill, business letters (selling dates and fruits), and a social letter. The Bar Kokhba revolt of 132-135 was the last revolt of the Jews against the Romans. This was mentioned in a social letter. Over seven hundred scrolls and parchments have been found around Qumran.
Now we proceeded to Hezekiah’s Tunnel. We entered the Hinnom Valley, filled with olive trees. Then we came to the Kidron Valley. Hezekiah’s Tunnel is almost one half a mile long, and is a tremendous engineering feat. There were many residences right outside the tunnel, where donkeys worked right at the tunnel site, and children rode the donkeys. The tunnel consisted of two parts: 1) The original Canaanite Shaft and 2) Hezekiah’s Tunnel into David’s city. We saw the entrance to Hezekiah’s Tunnel – dated 750 B.C. Then we saw where David found the shaft, near the tunnel, which he used to enter Jerusalem around 1000 B.C. We walked up Mount Ophel – David’s city was a steep hill which was surrounded by valleys, the Kidron and Tyropoeon Valleys. The shaft and the tunnel diverted water from the Gihon Spring to the Pool of Siloam at the south end of David’s city. When David took Jerusalem, Joab went up the Canaanite Shaft in order to open the gate for David and his men. Because of what he did, Joab received one of David’s daughters in marriage.
We noticed that Muslims paint their doors in relation to their “status” in faith. A red door, for instance, means they went to Mecca. There is no end to the customs and oddities in this land.
From our location in Hezekiah’s Tunnel, the ancient walls of the city of David could be seen. We observed the Pool of Siloam, which was the water receiving area for David’s Jerusalem. Swimmers were seen who entered the Pool of Siloam, having gone through Hezekiah’s Tunnel. Nearby, are the traditional sites of the tombs of both Jehosephat and Zedekiah. They are not one hundred per cent positive about the authenticity of these tombs. There is more certainty however, about the tomb of Absalom.
Today is Friday, the Muslim Holy Day, and the soldiers were equipped with sticks and riot gear.
Next, we saw Zedekiah’s Cave or Solomon’s Quarries, a mountain where rock and stone was cut out for the temple. It was a hollowed out mountain, a huge and vast cave opening into an amphitheater. It kept going down deeper and deeper. Ton upon ton of rocks were removed. The traditional site of Golgotha or Calvary was seen across the street from Zedekiah’s Cave. This was a Muslim area and we could not go there. We noticed military halftracks and troops in the area.
On the way to Bethlehem, we passed another of Herod’s fortresses in the distance. It was the Herodium, a man made mountain where Herod flashed signals from, way out in the desert. (Because of his paranoia over assasination attempts, King Herod slept in a different place every night). His tomb could be in this fortress which is noted for its flat top, looking like a volcanic mountain from a distance. We passed Rachel’s tomb in Bethlehem off the main street.
For lunch, we went into St. George’s Arab Restaurant in Bethlehem. An Arab waiter attempted to take away my salad while I was eating it. Pastor Grimes was seated next to me and quickly took the waiter to task, straightening out his decorum. We had lamb shiskabob, and it was good. Speaking of Arab and custom, I would like to mention that the Arab toilet we saw near Petra, was in a large room, and on the floor. I was totally mesmerized when I first saw it. One would perform their bodily functions before a crowd. Unbelievable.
We walked over to the Church of the Nativity after lunch. This is the traditional birth place of Jesus Christ. The church is built on a cave. The only entrance, the front door, was short so camels could not walk in. The cave was charcoal black, due to many people bringing in torches and candles. The 1)Greek Orthodox, 2)Armenian, 3)and Roman Catholic all control this church, each with their own section. A Greek Orthodox Priest, dressed in black, rang bells filled with smoky incense all over the church – making it “holy.” Many of us gagged and coughed because of the smoke. The church goes back to the 5th Century and is rugged looking, like a fortress. The church has the original Byzantine 5th Century floor, Muslim columns, and Crusader decorations on the walls. Another cave or manger was on the other side. After leaving the Greek Orthodox Church, we entered the Catholic section. This was a very ritualistic church.
Now we proceeded toward the shepherd’s fields. There was a natural cave in these fields, and there were many shepherd’s fields to be seen in the area. These fields were similar to, and may have actually been, the fields that Ruth worked in and Boaz owned. Beth-lehem means “house of bread.” There are wheat fields and shepherd’s fields all around the town, hence the name. From Bethlehem, we had a breath-taking view of the mountains of Moab, across the desert and the Dead Sea. Moab, we know, was where Ruth came from, and the country originated between Lot and one of his daughters.
We then saw a beautiful panoramic view of Jerusalem from the south. We could observe David’s city at Mount Ophel up the middle, the Mount of Olives was seen on the right, and Mount Zion was on the left. The valleys are as follows: the Kidron Valley bears off to the right, the Tyropoeon Valley goes to the left, and the Hinnom Valley can be found in the middle. We could oberve the ever present Dome of the Rock in the middle also, above the Hinnom Valley.
Next, we went through the Hinnom Valley in Jerusalem – also called Gehenna because it was a trash dump where “the fire never went out.” The word Gehenna, of course, refers to burning. The never ending burning of hell.
We went to a store in Jerusalem belonging to a gentleman named Was-Was. Along the way we smelled the aroma of many good Arabic foods. Haggling is common place in Jerusalem, as you can bargain with people. For a reasonable price, I bought two brass candlesticks for my wife, and an olive wood donkey to add to our collection of over twenty donkeys at home.
And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. Luke 22:15
Not “the” Passover but “this” Passover-the last Passover before the cross. The Lord fully knew what awaited Him after the supper; “before I suffer”. He knew all about the arrest, the unrighteous trial, the mockery, scourging, thorns, cross and death that loomed before Him. Yet there would be resurrection and joy too. But before all of that, He earnestly desired this last supper with His own. What about us? Our Lord is alive and today may we say to Him, “Lord, with desire have I desired to eat this supper, to remember you, thank you, and worship you. -Carl Knott
Break ye the bread and pour the wine, as ye have seen your Master do; This body and this blood of Mine, is broken and shed for you. -John Pierpont
Because of God’s love, we are never truly alone.
INSIGHT: The circumstances that took place on the night of Jesus’s betrayal seemed to be confused, chaotic, and out of control. But our Lord’s measured words in facing His betrayer showed His understanding of the big picture of God’s sovereign plan. Without the cross we could not be redeemed. Dennis Fisher
My favorite all time quotation of Charles Haddon Spurgeon:
A quote from Charles Spurgeon on the unmatched-supremacy of the gospel of Jesus Christ:
Oh! down, down, down, with everything else, but up, up, up, with the cross of Christ! Down with your baptism, and your masses, and your sacraments! Down with your priestcraft, and your rituals, and your liturgies! Down with your fine music, and your pomp, and your robes, and your garments, and all your ceremonials. But up, up, up, with the doctrine of the naked cross, and the expiring Saviour. Let the voice ring throughout the whole world, “Look unto Me and live!” There is life in a look at the Crucified One!
~Charles Spurgeon (Christ, The Glory Of His People 826.464)
Why Christians Suffer-
continued from part 5…
5)Suffering Teaches Us To Depend Upon God
We learn to put our pride on the shelf, we learn how to be humble and we learn about the grace of God. Often though, it is only when we suffer a set back that we turn to God, because there is no other place to turn to. When we are ill, or lose a loved one, or have financial problems and the like, THEN, and only then do we depend upon God because there is no one else to depend on.
When God leaves us utterly alone and does not visit us with testings and trials, we may be sure that our lives are barren. Gold is put in the fire for refining. A farmer carefully tills the soil in order to raise good crops.
Sunshine all the time only makes a desert. We need rain and storms or else how would the plants grow? How would we grow? In the midst of our difficulties we must trust God and have faith in Him. Faith must be tried in order to grow. JUST LIKE EXERCISE STRENGTHENS OUR BODIES, OUR TRIALS STRENGTHEN OUR FAITH. Without trials, how could our faith grow?
6)Suffering Teaches Us Patience
Paul said we glory in tribulations.
Romans 5:3-5 King James Version (KJV)
3 And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4 And patience, experience; and experience, hope:
5 And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.
King James Version (KJV)
Patience can be learned only by enduring. Like our faith, it must be tried. Hence patience is another blessing of our trials and tribulations.
…to be continued in Part 7
Why Christians Suffer-
Continued from Part 4… This entire eight part series will be listed under the category entitled Devotionals/Inspirationals.
3)Suffering Makes Us More Like Christ
God allows us to suffer to accomplish the ultimate purpose for which He has called and chosen us. The purpose of God in choosing and saving us is to make us more like Jesus Christ. Jeremiah was called the “weeping prophet.” We are to be conformed to the image of His Son. Jesus was called the “man of sorrows.” Is it any wonder that we will experience affliction, pain and grief as He did? Hebrews 2:10 “For it became Him, for whom are all things… in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.” Following Jesus means tasting Calvary and the Garden of Gethsemane, it means darkness and suffering. Paul said in Philippians 3:10 “That I may know Him, and the power of His resurrection, and the fellowship of His suffering, being made conformable unto His death.” Wherever He leads, I will go.
4)Suffering Makes Us Appreciative
We do not appreciate our blessings until we lose them. How can a day be beautiful unless we have stormy days to compare with it? I never cherished my good health until I got pneumonia. I was so weak that I could not move my little finger. I then learned how to lean on the Lord, how to pray, and how weak and feeble my body really was. This happened just after I came to Christ – after our “born again” experience, God often chastises us or allows us to suffer so we can grow in the Lord.
…to be continued
Blessings, Pastor Steve
While eating breakfast at the Shalom we observed a beautiful sunrise over Jerusalem. While eating breakfast I looked around and observed the Israelites, thinking what a stubborn people they were, and how the Lord still has His hand on them, even though they do not believe in Jesus and the New Testament. Our hotel gave us a beautiful view of Jerusalem. Jerusalem is a melting pot with all kinds of people. All of the people in Israel, the men and the women, must serve in the army for two years and take their vows on Mount Masada. I found the people in Israel to be friendlier, more courteous, and more respectful (especially the children) than Americans.
Today, our first stop was at the model of Jerusalem (The “Model City”). The model depicted Jerusalem at the time of the Second Temple (the time of Jesus). The Model City displays the many walls, the residences, Herod’s Palace, the Fortress of Antonio, the Temple, and many other things.
Next, we went towards the Mount of Olives. On our way, we observed an Arab kiss his camel, and give our pastor a ride. We went up the Mount of Olives to the temple of Ascension which is now a Mosque. (refer to Acts 1:4 through Acts 1:11). There is an “alleged footprint” where Jesus ascended from, inside the small temple upon a rock. Next, we went a short distance away and took several pictures of Jerusalem from this panoramic view. From our location on the Mount of Olives, we had a view of Jerusalem over the Kidron Valley. Also observed was David’s City, the Dome of the Rock, as well as the northern end of Jerusalem. It is interesting to note that the current city walls are only five hundred years old, and built by the Ottoman Turks. Mount Ophel is David’s old city, and Mount Zion is above David’s City, outside the wall. We saw Absalom’s tomb in the Kidron Valley. As we departed from the Temple of Ascension, a burro blocked our path on our way to the Garden of Gethsemane.
We went into the Garden of Gethsemane (“semane” means olive oil). Gethsemane may have been near John Mark’s home. We entered the Church of All Nations where the alleged rock is that Jesus prayed at. This is located next to the Garden of Gethsemane.
We drove up to the Old City of Jerusalem and entered Stephen’s Gate, which is also known as the Lion’s Gate, with a lion on each side of the gate.
Next, we observed a fine site of archaeology – the Pool of Bethesda. The pool has five porches where people were healed, and is dug out very deep.
The streets of Jerusalem are very narrow. The women wore robes, and carried large objects on their head. Beggars and cripples lingered on the street corners. Walking in the “Old City” is like walking into the past. Burros carrying loads walk in the streets. Flutes, and other eastern instruments can be heard. Muslim people can be heard wailing over microphones.
Next, we arrived at my favorite archaeological site in the whole city – we entered the Judgment Hall at the Fortress of Antonio. There was a cistern and a water supply here. We observed areas cut by Herod, which was originally the moat of the Fortress of Antonio. Next, we went deep into the beautiful, large, and open Strutheon Pool. Water runs down into the pools from the mountains. We approached other cisterns and lithostrotos pavement that Jesus walked on. The pavement was made up of large stones with wedges to prevent slipping. A church was built above this pavement. Jesus was tried and judged near here by Pontius Pilate.
We walked down today’s Via Dolorosa, where Jesus is supposed to have carried His cross to Calvary. The actual road, however, would be many feet underground. The Via Dolorosa featured an arch overhead, this is an original arch left from the Fortress of Antonio.
The business district was bustling – people commonly walk up to you in order to sell you just about everything. There are money changers today in Jerusalem just like in Christ’s time. Many people wear cloaks, robes, togas, and turbines. Conservative Muslim women wear veils. We stopped and looked at a Muslim water trough.
We approached the Western “Wailing” Wall and we were frisked on the way into this area. The wall is near Mount Zion and the Tyropoeon Valley. The Tyropoeon Valley, filled over the years, is right in front of the wall. The wall is very long, and is the last part of the temple that was not destroyed – hence the Rabiis, Orthodox Jews, etc. wail there. We observed the same wall nearby extending underground. The entire original wall is 150 feet high. When the rabiis pray – they read their Tora, and they chant, buck their head backwards and forwards, and side to side. They shake their knees. Loads and loads of prayers were stuck in the cracks of the walls. The rabiis wore prayer boxes (Phylacteries; Matthew 23:5) on their foreheads and arms, and were dressed all in black. In essence, they are modern day Pharisees. They are very, very zealous. If they were converted, their zeal would turn the world upside down (like Paul of Tarsus). When we entered, we put on “cardboard beenies” or Kippurs, like everyone else. A head covering, they feel, is needed in a holy place. Orthodox Jews of the law, modern day Pharisees, were seen everywhere.
We observed the excavated Tyropoeon Valley (Old Jerusalem) near the Wailing (Western) Wall. We passed a Byzantine, Muslim Mosque and approached the Dome of the Rock. It was built in the eighth century. Abraham offered the sacrifice of Isaac at the rock in the Dome – the rock inside is the ONLY part of Mount Moriah that Herod left exposed after all of his building. The best marble available was used to build it. There is a hole in the rock, and a drainage area below for all the blood sacrifices. Blood would run underneath, all the way down the mountain. The Dome of the Rock is surrounded by a Muslim Mosque and worship area. From this area, one can see the Tyropoeon Valley, the Western Wall, and David’s City beyond.
Jerusalem is a melting pot of cultures, beliefs and different people’s religions. At lunch time, a man on the tour (Steve Abbott) was drinking a milkshake for lunch and was told to leave – this is NOT KOSHER. Dairy products cannot be eaten with meat products. The religions of Jerusalem are 1) Islamic (Muslim) 2) Jewish 3) Christian and 4) Armenian (preceded by Greek Orthodox). All believe in one God and are monotheistic, and all of them go back to Abraham.
We observed the remains of Byzantine shops. The shops were Roman streets with columns (pillars), and stores on both sides of the street. These shops were part of Jerusalem after 70 A.D., when Titus destroyed Jerusalem. Farther down the row of shops, modern shops are built in the original shops. We then passed a display revealing the Maccabean, Hasmonean ruins and walls. These dated from 100 B.C. to 700 B.C., the bottom stones were from the time of Hezekiah and the first temple. Next, we saw an area where the Israeli and Hasmonean walls joined together. We passed a Byzantine mosaic map, revealing Jerusalem in the sixth century – showing even the streets with the shops that we previously observed.
In Jerusalem, the people bargain and haggle over everything – nothing has a set price. The people are friendly and get satisfaction in helping you. A boy gave me an olive branch, expecting nothing in return. I bought film from a boy, and he brought down the price for me.
Next, we entered the upper room on Mount Zion. A Muslim Arab altar was put there when they took over. This is just the traditional location. The upper room is traced back only to the Byzantine period, hence it cannot be real.
We went to Mount Zion, King David’s tomb. Muslim and Byzantine architecture was observed here also, hence this location is probably also traditional. We observed the Hinnom Valley off in the distance.
We entered Caiphas’ Palace, which was located below a Catholic Church. We saw a prison where prisoners were dropped through a circular hole. Could Jesus have been kept here? More prisons and dungeons were located below. This was definitely the main prison of the House of Caiphas. There were even holes in the walls where the prisoners were strapped into place when they were whipped and beaten.
Caiphas’ Palace was a great archaeological site. Wonderful views were observed of the Kidron Valley, the Tyropoeon Valley in the lower city in Old Jerusalem, and the ruins of Caiphas’ Palace located outside the Catholic Church. David’s city is located on Mount Ophel, the original Canaanite stronghold of Jerusalem.
Note: Since traveling to Israel nearly thirty years ago, there is another school of thought regarding archaeology in Jerusalem. The “Wailing” Wall is now thought to be from the Fortress of Antonio rather than from Herod’s Temple. Bob Cornuke’s book Temple is the watershed book regarding this new discovery. I believe Bob is correct in his assessment.
Holy Week ~ Passion Week
Golgotha – Calvary – The Cross God’s Love For Fallen Man
Jesus so loved us that He came to willingly suffer and die at the cross, so that such evil sinners like Barabbas and me might be saved by His grace and mercy. – Dan O Carnrite