Greek Word Study, Part II

21)wine- oinos/ There is a great discrepancy in belief of how much alcohol is in Biblical wine, and whether or not it is fermented. The school is still out with this question. Suffice it to say that Biblical wine is nothing like whiskey or even the 12-15% alcohol in the wine of today.
22)wine- paroinois/ The root of oinos is in #21 and #22. Paroinois has the meaning of one given to wine. Paul used this word when speaking to Timothy when he advised him (Timothy seems to have had a sensitive spirit and an easily upset stomach) that “….a little wine is good for the stomach.”
23)gleukos- wine/ The English word with a very similar meaning is “glucose.” In the English it means grape sugar, a sugar produced from grapes. Acts 2:13 uses this Greek word when suggesting that the participants in Pentacost were drunk with wine. Obviously, this word is more so associated with intoxication than oinos or paroinois. Strong’s Concordance describes it as “highly inebriating fermented wine. Fresh wine.”
24)anthropos- man/ The English word “anthropoid” refers to a “resemblance of man,” and we also derive “anthropology” from this Greek transliteration. The suffix “ology” always means the study of, hence anthropology is the study of man.
25)hamartia- sin/ This Greek word means sin, sinner, or an offense committed. The meaning is primarily “missing the mark,” and refers to any act that is contrary to the will and plan of God for our lives. Ouch!
26)alpha- the first or more dominant/ This is a universal term, referred to Christ in the scriptures as the beginning, or having no beginning. It also refers to a dominant male in a group of animals. The alpha male. It is the first letter of the Greek alphabet as well.
27)omega- the last/ The antithesis of alpha. Christ is also the Omega, meaning the end or having no end. The motion picture “Omega Man” referred to the last man left on the planet earth after nuclear exchanges wiped out the rest of the human race.
28)gethsemane- garden, oil press/ One immediately identifies this word with the Garden of Gethsemane, where Jesus often prayed with the disciples, and was betrayed there by Judas Iscariot. To this very day, there are olive trees in this very place, undoubtedly descendants from those in Jesus’ time. (I have seen them).
29)gabbatha- pavement, the knoll/ This Greek term refers to the pavement upon which Jesus was tried just prior to His crucifixion. We saw the pavement of this court during our trip to Israel. The spade of the archaeologist unearthed it, hundreds of feet below ground level.
30)golgotha- the skull, hill/ This is the hill upon which Jesus was crucified. It literally means skull, hence many theologians believe the hill was shaped resembling a skull. Golgotha (hill) is the same as “Calvary” in Latin. Calvary is the name of many Baptist churches today. Can you now better appreciate the following five point sermon on the death, burial and resurrection of Christ? Note the beautiful alliteration with all words commencing with the letter “G”: 1)Gethsemane 2)Gabbatha 3)Golgotha 4)Grave 5)Glory.

Many more to follow……………

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